A wrinkle also known as a rhytide, are a fold, ridge or crease in the skin. Skin wrinkles typically appear as a result of aging processes, habitual sleeping positions, loss of body mass, or temporarily, as the result of prolonged immersion in water. There are mainly two types of wrinkles, dynamic and static. Age wrinkling in the skin is promoted by habitual facial expressions, aging, sun damage, smoking, poor hydration, and various other factors.
What are the available treatments ?
Anti-wrinkle treatments range from topical applications to invasive surgeries. Tretinoin creams, which are a derivative of Vit A are typically used as preventive therapies. Especially useful when used before the onset of deeper wrinkles. Minimally invasive methods commonly used are Botulinum A injections and Dermal Fillers. Dysport (Botulinum A) injections into specific facial muscles inactivate the muscles and hence prevent the dynamic wrinkles. The commonly targetted areas are forehead, brows, smile lines, Crow’ feet, bunny lines, Marionette lines, peri-oral and Chin lines. Dermal fillers are soft tissue injections that increase the volume and smoothen the skin. Teosal Fillers are Hyaluronic acid fillers which come in various consistencies for different purposes. Ellanse is PCLA filler, longer lasting for specific regions of the face. Most of the fillers stimulate collagen production over the period of time augmenting the effect further. Threads can also be used to provide a similar volumizing and lifting effect. SILHOUTTE SOFT threads and Korean PDO threads are effective and proven safe for this treatment.
Non Invasive treatments like ULFIT (High Intensity Focussed Ultrasound), ENDYMED( 3DEEP RF) and LASER resurfacing have proven to be excellent alternative especially for preventing wrinkles from developing and for rejuvenating damaged skin. We recommend non-invasive treatments for improving overall skin quality and skin tightening, both before injections and as post-treatment maintainance.
What are the possible side effects?
The possible side effects are minimal, ranging from soreness, mild facial asymmetries, muscle weakness, redness and mild bruising. Most of the effects are reversible. Rarely we see post inflammatory hyperpigmentation and scarring based on the individual’ skin type. They usually fade away in few hours to a few days.